Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) are bacterial, parasitic, and viral infections that are transmitted through sexual contact.
One in two sexually active people will get an STI in their lifetime - that’s 50% of the American population. According to the CDC, out of the 20 million new STI cases in the United States each year, 15 to 24-year old’s account for nearly half of those cases.
Bacterial STIs are infections that can be cured with antibiotics. Examples of bacterial STIs include chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea. Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STI nationwide and is one of the most common STIs to occur in young people and on college campuses.
Parasitic STIs can also be cured with antibiotics. Examples of this type of infection are pubic lice (which you may know as ‘crabs’) and trichomoniasis. Fun fact – trichomoniasis (commonly referred to as ‘trich’) is the most common curable STI!
Viral STIs cannot be cured, but their symptoms can be treated. You can also take steps to help prevent them! Viral STIs include hepatitis B, human papillomavirus (HPV), herpes, and HIV (collectively known as the 4 H’s). Both hepatitis B and HPV have preventative vaccines.
It’s important to learn the facts about each STI so that you can stay informed and protect yourself and your partners. To learn more, click on the CDC links below to find out more: